APPLIED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS

Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is the science in which strategies derived from the principles of behavior and learning are systematically applied to improve socially significant behavior (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 2007). ABA is used to teach and maintain skills such as communication, social interaction, academics, self-care, recreation, and vocational skills. ABA is also used to reduce interfering behaviors such as stereotypy, aggression, and self-injurious behavior. A program using ABA individualizes the teaching strategies for each specific person’s needs so that they can learn the skills needed to live a happy, meaningful, productive life. ABA’s effectiveness lies in its foundation in scientific research that has been conducted in the natural setting for decades.